One thing I've noticed over the years when we talk about education is the depth and breadth of institutionalized thinking.
Even veteran homeschoolers fall back onto old habits of thinking without realizing it.
focus on testing
comparing kids with their peers
traditional classroom structure
It sounds rather alarmist and paranoid to say that schools have institutionalized us to the point where we have trouble thinking for ourselves.
"Here come the black helicopters!"
But most of us were in traditional classrooms for at least 12 years, and for the most part we are satisfied with the experience. We also don’t know anything else.
Let's take a look at what it means to be 'institutionalized'.
The purpose of institutionalization is to control a large group of people with the resources available, such as a small staff and confined space. Any organization has rules, and the larger and more complex the organization, the more rules become necessary for its orderly operation. This is not a bad thing in and of itself.
But when it comes to educating children, there are side effects we must consider.
Here are four aspects of institutionalization and what they often look like in our schools:
When a child enters a school, they are subject to certain security measures which sacrifice the needs and civil rights of the individual in favor of the safety of the entire group. While many procedures serve to keep students and staff safe, the trade-off is the child is now under their complete control.
Parents fill out forms giving schools permission to act in loco parentis. Children are photographed, given physicals, labeled, and indexed. There are strict rules about appearance and the kinds of items children are allowed to keep in their possession. Adults enjoy a reasonable expectation of privacy granted by their 4th Amendments rights against unlawful search and seizure. The standard is much lower in schools, so a child’s locker, belongings, and even their person can be searched without a warrant.
The criminal standard requires law enforcement officials to demonstrate that they have “probable cause” that a crime has been committed. . .On school grounds or when students are within school district care—like a field trip—the standard is “reasonable suspicion” and no warrant is necessary. While privacy is still a factor, that relaxed approach allows school officials to conduct a search when one might be prohibited by the police. Center for Public Education
Another way children are depersonalized is that their individual needs are not addressed. Responding to basic human needs to be comfortable, satisfy one’s thirst or hunger, go to the bathroom when necessary—adults take these things for granted. Even in the strictest work setting, most adults can shift their position or get out of their chair to stretch, get a drink of water or a snack, and go to the bathroom without permission. But to keep order in the classroom and accomplish a certain amount of work each day, children are confined to a chair, can’t get a drink of water or snack when they are hungry, do not get much needed exercise, and have to raise their hand and ask for permission to go to the bathroom.
One of the ironies of homeschooling is answering questions about socialization and preparing our kids for ‘the real world’. And yet children in schools are the ones kept isolated from the real world. Public school students live in the same district and so are from the same neighborhoods. To put a finer point on it—kids in schools are with others from similar socio-economic and ethnic backgrounds.
Children are further segregated by age. They remain seated in classrooms for a significant percentage of their day so their interactions are limited to this same group of people every day. When cliques form, as they often do, children who are excluded become even more detached and depressed.
Visitors, including parents, are generally not allowed, and those who are given permission to come into the school do so under supervision, submitting to the school's security protocols.
Forgive the analogy, but unless you work in a prison, how is any of this like ‘the real world’?
Children in schools are expected to practice unquestioning obedience. What used to be considered normal misbehavior by immature children acting like immature children can now be treated as a law enforcement problem. Punishment for noncompliance ranges from humiliation to physical isolation to being placed in handcuffs.
Zero tolerance increases the likelihood of repeat offenders, who may be labeled and treated with disdain by the staff and other students for the remainder of their time in school. The intent of most of these punishments are to break the child's will and force them to be passive and compliant.
However, when staff members crosses the line into abuse, they may not face the same punishment as would a student for a similar act. Many incidents are swept under the rug, with offenders getting jobs in other schools where they can continue to abuse children in their care. This reinforces the idea that the institution has unlimited control and places the interests of the organization over those of the children under their authority.
And that cycle — abuse, dismissal, rehire and abuse again — is one that experts and researchers say is far too common across the nation. It has long been known as "passing the trash," and despite years of efforts to make policies to keep it from happening, no one really knows how often it does. nprED
The student’s time is scheduled with little, if any, self-determination. As has been mentioned, everything is governed by strict rules and guidelines, and children must ask permission to get a drink, relieve themselves, ask a question, put something in the trash can. They learn to respond to the ringing of bells which signal them that it is time to change classes, eat lunch, or leave the premises—all of which are supervised.
The school schedule is purposely repetitive, and over time conditions the child to ask permission before doing even the most mundane task. Even lunch is regulated:
Below are just some of the cases making national news headlines:
In Chicago, a local school banned brownbag lunches from being served at all
A North Carolina student had her turkey sandwich taken away by a state inspector and was served cafeteria chicken nuggets in its place
National effort to ban ‘pink slime’ beef filler from USDA lunches
National Physicians Group petitioning to ban milk from school lunches
School districts across the country banning sugary drinks, like sodas and juices from menus
California and Massachusetts have considered banning chocolate and flavored milk because of its high sugar content FindLaw Education
Even after children are home, students must still focus on fulfilling the requirements of their classes, regardless of how much time this takes from family activities or from an adequate night's sleep. Students who do not accomplish their work on time are penalized and sometimes stigmatized. There is an enormous amount of pressure to conform to the school's ideas of academic progress, regardless of the child's physical and mental development, talents, interests, or other achievements.
Why we need to break free from ‘institutionalized’ education
Is it any wonder that when we start to talk about treating children as self-determining individuals, people have a tendency to disconnect?
In the early days of the homeschool movement, people could not understand why traditional brick and mortar schools were not the only way, or even the best way, to provide an education for children.
When our family decided to homeschool, we realized the effect our years in school still had on our thinking and habits. In spite of evidence to the contrary, we continue to look at public schools as the paradigm by which we measure educational methods and academic success.
We have been effectively institutionalized.
When we step back and start looking at our children as individuals instead of a national program to be regulated by federal standards, we will then be able to realize the harm done to children. Kids develop and progress at different rates in different ways, even when they are only months apart from the other children in their class.
Labels are increasingly applied to children, in spite of the long term damage it can cause. A child labeled at a young age seldom lives it down—and why, may I ask, is it appropriate to label young children in the first place? Aren't they in their formative years, with so much learning and growing and changing in their futures? Labels deny a child their individuality and completely ignore their potential.
In the recent Education Week article interviewing author Jacqueline Woodson, which you can read here, Woodson says,
Any kind of qualifier can be harmful because who we are is not static. Our abilities are constantly changing. What does it mean to be a struggling reader? I know if I was raised in this day and age, I would have been labeled a struggling reader. But what I know now is I was actually reading like a writer. I was reading slowly and deliberately and deconstructing language, not in the sense of looking up words in the dictionary, but understanding from context. I was constantly being compared to my sister who excelled, and it made me feel insecure. What gets translated is 'you are not as good,' and that gets translated into our whole bodies. That's where the danger lies. EducationWeek “Are Labels Preventing Students from Succeeding?”
Children can be gifted in one area while struggling in another, but with everything in graded classrooms averaged out, the twice exceptional student ends up neglected, misunderstood, and feeling like a failure.
The constant emphasis on national standards and ubiquitous standardized testing has conditioned us to believe that if we give every child in America the exact same books and then the exact same test, we will learn something about our children. In spite of our common sense screaming at us that this is a patently false idea, the push to do more testing continues.
We need a paradigm shift in education.
Many homeschoolers have experienced this shift because they were willing to think outside the institution. However, with so much conditioning to overcome, homeschool parents can struggle, sometimes for years, to find their homeschool stride and feel confident about their choices.
We have to let go of methods used to maintain order with large groups of children but do little to actually educate them. We must reexamine what it means to learn, explore, discover, create—and then find ways to meet the individual needs of our children.
We can encourage our children to be creative thinkers, compassionate human beings, and responsible citizens. We can nurture their souls while broadening their minds. This is how we prepare our children for a future where their potential is unlimited. This is how we break from the institution and into the real world.
What do you think about education, past, present, and future?
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